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Amid Violence In Venezuela, Maduro Digs In And Protests Continue

Government military police officers confront pro-Guaidó demonstrators at Altamira Square on Tuesday in Caracas, Venezuela.
Edilzon Gamez
Getty Images
Government military police officers confront pro-Guaidó demonstrators at Altamira Square on Tuesday in Caracas, Venezuela.

Updated at 3 p.m. ET

The plane was on the tarmac. Nicolás Maduro, the disputed president of Venezuela, was ready to head to Havana amid widespread international condemnation and the threat of being ousted. But the Russian government talked him out of leaving.

That's how Secretary of State Mike Pompeo characterized Maduro's morning, in Tuesday evening interviews with cable news outlets. "He was ready to go," Pompeo toldFox News. "He'd made a decision that we've been urging him to make for quite some time. And then he was diverted from that action by the Russians. We hope he'll reconsider and get back on that plane."

Russia rejected Pompeo's remarks on Wednesday. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said Washington was using "fakes as a part of information war."

U.S. officials have been characterizing the situation in Venezuela as nearing its end, as opposition leader Juan Guaidó called for the "final phase" of the uprising Tuesday in his attempt to remove Maduro from power.

On Wednesday, Venezuela's Labor Day, Guaidó appealed to workers. "We recognize the value of dignified work, that allows for wellbeing and progress," he said, adding that wages weren't enough to support people's needs and that their achievements had been ignored.

Maduro had his own message for the holiday, saying the working class was mobilizing and saying "no to the coups and no to Yankee interference."

Venezuelans returned to the streets after a day of protests rife with skirmishes.

Daniel Granados, a 29-year-old living in Caracas, says he chose not to protest because he has seen too much injustice at demonstrations in the past.

"If you go out and march to reclaim your rights, the National Guard will kill you or the colectivos [pro-government militia] will rob and shoot you," he says.

He adds that while he wants to see an end to Venezuela's socialism, he doesn't put much faith in the opposition or their solutions. "You go out putting your life at risk, and the opposition doesn't care."

Venezuela's military handily stamped out pockets of resistance, and despite word from American officials that key Maduro allies are abandoning him, the country's defense minister proclaimed his continuing loyalty.

Socialist party leader Diosdado Cabello insisted at a rally that the country's armed forces remain loyal to Maduro despite Guaidó's earlier claim that high-ranking military officers had given him their support, The Associated Press reported.

Cabello said the opposition failed to trigger a broad uprising, and that the movement's leaders are "walking like zombies."

More than 50 countries support Guaidó's claim to power.

In a televised address Tuesday, Maduro denied Pompeo's assertion that he had been preparing to leave the country, calling Pompeo's comments "lies and manipulation," according to CNN. Maduro decried the attempt by Guaidó, the U.S. and Colombia to install an "illegitimate government" in Venezuela. "We have been facing various forms of coup d'etat, due to the obsessive efforts of the Venezuelan right, the Colombian oligarchy and the U.S. empire," Maduro said.

Dozens were injured Tuesday when clashes erupted in the capital Caracas. "Maduro's opponents are stepping up pressure on him to leave office as the country becomes still more dangerous and volatile," NPR's Philip Reeves reports. "Opposition leader Juan Guaidó has called for massive protests Wednesday as he presses ahead with his U.S.-backed campaign to assume power as a transitional president."

Pompeo reiterated that the U.S. is willing to use military force against Maduro if necessary, and President Trump threatened an embargo against Cuba if they keep supporting him. "If Cuban Troops and Militia do not immediately CEASE military and other operations for the purpose of causing death and destruction to the Constitution of Venezuela, a full and complete embargo, together with highest-level sanctions, will be placed on the island of Cuba," the president tweeted. "Hopefully, all Cuban soldiers will promptly and peacefully return to their island!"

The U.S. government says about 20,000 Cuban troops and agents are helping to support Maduro's government, the AP reports. But in a tweet of his own, Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel denied the accusation. "There are no Cuban military operations or troops in #Venezuela," he wrote. "We call upon the international community to stop dangerous and aggressive escalation and to preserve Peace. No more lies."

Trump had been monitoring the situation in Venezuela "minute-by-minute throughout the day," national security adviser John Bolton told reporters. "We see this now as a potentially dispositive moment in the efforts of the Venezuelan people to regain their freedom."

Bolton singled out by name top officials in the Maduro regime, "to make good on their commitments to achieve the peaceful transfer of power." Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino López, Venezuelan Supreme Court Chief Justice Maikel Moreno and Cmdr. of presidential guard Rafael Hernandez Dala "all agreed that Maduro had to go," Bolton said. "They need to be able to act this afternoon or this evening to help bring other military forces to the side of the interim president."

But the defense minister went on state television to proclaim his loyalty. López called Guaidó a "terrorist" and warned that his "coup attempt" was destined to fail, AP reports. And Venezuela's Ambassador to the UN Samuel Moncada dismissed Bolton's comments as "propaganda."

Tuesday morning's protests were a "failed attempt to overthrow, by violence, our government," Moncada said. He also accused the U.S. of sending 3,000 Americans to the U.S. Embassy in Venezuela as a prelude to military action. "It's a war embassy," Moncada said. "They are planning for war."

Responding to Moncada's comments, Pompeo told Fox News that "the president has been consistent and unambiguous about that, that the option to use military force is available if that's what is ultimately called for."

The Federal Aviation Administration on Tuesday evening ordered U.S. airlines to avoid flying below 26,000 feet in Venezuelan airspace until further notice, Reuters reported, citing "increasing political instability and tensions."

Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Matthew S. Schwartz is a reporter with NPR's news desk. Before coming to NPR, Schwartz worked as a reporter for Washington, DC, member station WAMU, where he won the national Edward R. Murrow award for feature reporting in large market radio. Previously, Schwartz worked as a technology reporter covering the intricacies of Internet regulation. In a past life, Schwartz was a Washington telecom lawyer. He got his J.D. from Georgetown University Law Center, and his B.A. from the University of Michigan ("Go Blue!").
Sasha Ingber is a reporter on NPR's breaking news desk, where she covers national and international affairs of the day.