A recent legislative hearing on sexual harassment in New York state government focused in part on the role of the state’s ethics commission in investigating charges of alleged abuse. And according to those who testified, the Joint Commission on Public Ethics, or JCOPE, was insensitive, secretive, and not sufficiently independent from politics.
At the hearing, held earlier this month, Senator James Skoufis asked several witnesses who were victims of harassment by state lawmakers if they had dealt with JCOPE, or a previous state ethics commission in the course of trying to seek justice.
All raised their hands.
Skoufis then asked whether they were happy with the outcome.
“How many of you have faith that they handled your situation or could have handled your complaint to your satisfaction? “Skoufis asked.
Just one, Rita Pasarell, responded.
“This is a half of hand,” Pasarell said.
Pasarell is one of several women sexually harassed by former Assemblyman Vito Lopez.
The ethics commission found Lopez mistreated women on his staff and he was fined $350,000. But Pasarell says JCOPE did not adequately examine the role of then-Speaker of the state Assembly Sheldon Silver. Silver appointed some of the members of JCOPE.
She says because of that, future victims of Lopez were unaware that there had been past incidents of harassment.
Silver is facing prison time for a corruption conviction brought, not by state ethics watchdogs, but by the U.S. Attorney’s office in Manhattan.
Pasarell says the ethics commission investigators did not appear to have been trained on how to interview victims of trauma, and asked inappropriate and humiliating questions.
“JCOPE has asked questions about peoples’ past sexual relationships,” Pasarell said. “And that doesn’t seem right.”
Elias Farah also testified at the hearing. He brought a complaint against former Assemblymember Angela Wozniak for workplace retaliation, saying that after he ended a relationship with Wozniak, she sought retribution that included badmouthing him to future prospective employers. Wozniak, who did not seek reelection, was admonished by the Assembly for her actions. Farah says he was also summoned to answer questions as part of a probe by JCOPE. He says he felt like he was the one on trial.
“They were taking names, past partners from relationships,” said Farah. “I felt like I was in trouble for something, for going to them.”
JCOPE never released the outcome of the investigation.
JCOPE’s executive director, Seth Agata, and Deputy Director of Investigations Emily Logue also testified at the hearing. Logue says it’s sometimes necessary to ask victims “tough questions” about their past sex lives, to help defend the alleged victim against counter charges by the alleged abuser.
“And the best way that we can be prepared to keep certain irrelevant evidence out is to know about it, and to ask about it in advance,” said Logue.
Lawmakers were skeptical of that answer, including Senator Andrew Gounardes.
“It sounds like we’re falling into the same old tropes of victim shaming, and placing the burden on people to prove that they weren’t asking for it,” said Gounardes.” And that, to me is a little outrageous.”
Senator Alessandra Biaggi, who is herself a survivor of sexual abuse, also admonished JCOPE for its handling of sexual harassment cases. She says the commission needs to train investigators on how to better handle trauma victims. And she put the commission on notice, saying that things are changing.
“The world is sick of seeing politics as usual,” Biaggi said. “I think that these elections have proved that. And I really think that we owe it to everybody in this state to do better.”
Biaggi won a primary against former Senator Jeff Klein, who was accused of forcibly kissing a staffer. Klein, who denies the charge, asked JCOPE to investigate the alleged incident. The commission has so far not reported any results.
There’s a bill in the legislature to reform JCOPE to open up its inner workings to the public and to hold accountable lawmakers who are found to be guilty of misconduct.
Agata told lawmakers that if the legislature changes the rules to permit the commission to be more transparent, the body would be happy to comply.