Wave Of Young Judges Pushed By McConnell Will Be 'Ruling For Decades To Come' | WAMC

Wave Of Young Judges Pushed By McConnell Will Be 'Ruling For Decades To Come'

Jul 2, 2020
Originally published on July 3, 2020 8:30 pm

With a boost from the Republican-led Senate, President Trump has now confirmed 200 federal judges. Each one has a life term, representing a legacy that could extend for a generation.

The president often trumpets the achievement in speeches and on Twitter. But the credit belongs as much to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., who took a victory lap last week.

"When we depart this chamber today, there will not be a single circuit court vacancy for the first time in at least 40 years," said McConnell, who's been advancing the judicial nominees with single-minded focus.

Conservative advocate Carrie Severino is thrilled.

"Filling all of these circuit seats is an unmitigated success, no downside to that," said Severino, who leads the Judicial Crisis Network, a group that pushes for confirmation of Trump judges. "Let's, as leader McConnell has said, 'Leave no vacancy behind.' "

She pointed to Trump's record in appointing judges to the federal appeals court, one step below the Supreme Court. Over eight years, President Barack Obama confirmed 55 appellate picks. Trump already has installed 53 in just four years.

Unfair, say Democrats

Democrats said there's a reason for that startling number — Republican stonewalling of the previous president.

"McConnell confirmed the fewest judges since President Truman during Obama's last two years in office," said Christopher Kang, who vetted judicial nominees in the Obama White House. "So the reason President Trump had 200 judgeships to fill in the first place is because McConnell obstructed."

Obama made the nominations, but McConnell kept them from being confirmed to wait for a Republican — in Trump — whose campaign the Senate majority leader then carried out with zeal, Kang said.

Aside from the sheer numbers of Trump judges, the other important thing is the longevity this cadre likely will have.

Many of the Trump nominees are in their 30s and 40s, not anywhere near retirement age. There is no minimum age restriction to serve as a judge.

Judge Allison Jones Rushing, who sits on the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, was 36 years old when she was nominated. Justin Walker, who is preparing to take the bench on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, is 38.

"Even if Donald Trump is gone from office in January, these judges are going to be ruling for decades to come," Kang said.

And, he added, they'll be ruling in cases that matter: abortion access, climate change, voting rights and more.

For some civil rights advocates, something else stands out about the Trump judge picks: diversity.

"They are largely white and male," said Vanita Gupta, who runs the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. "It is an astonishing lack of representation."

By her count, nearly 7 in 10 of the Trump judges are white men. Just 28 of the 200 are people of color. And, she said, there's only one Latina appeals court judge, and no Black appellate judges.

"You end up with a judiciary that is really out of step with where the country is as a whole because it takes a fair amount of work actually to end up with those statistics," Gupta said.

Supporters defend the new cadre

But Trump allies said some of the nominees do represent diverse backgrounds more broadly: Judge Amy Coney Barrett on the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals is the mother of seven children. Judge Don Willett on the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals was raised by his single mom in a trailer park. And Judge Jim Ho, also on the 5th Circuit, is the son of immigrants from Taiwan.

All three of them could appear on Trump's shortlist for the next Supreme Court vacancy. The president said he'll publish a new list by September before the election. Candidate Trump adopted a similar approach four years ago to signal that Republican voters could trust him.

Things worked well back then, Severino said. She said Trump's judges have been different — they're bolder — but not in a bad way.

"They're not simply trying to keep their heads down and become the blank slate that may have been the ideal nominee in a prior Republican administration — someone who really has no track record whatsoever," she said. "But instead these nominees are people who were willing to stand up for what they knew was right."

For Democrats such as Kang, that's not something to celebrate.

"These are far more extreme judges than even President George W. Bush put on the bench, and we're moving in the wrong direction," said Kang, who now works at Demand Justice, a group that's trying to mobilize Democrats' interest in the courts as an election issue.

Kang said he has no doubt that if more vacancies emerge later this year, Trump and McConnell will race to fill them while they control the White House and the Senate — underscoring how important judges are to Republican officeholders and the people who vote for them.

Copyright 2020 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:

The Trump administration has reached an important milestone. With a boost from the Republican-led Senate, President Trump has now confirmed 200 judges. Those judges serve for life, so it's a legacy that could extend for a generation. NPR national justice correspondent Carrie Johnson reports.

CARRIE JOHNSON, BYLINE: On the Senate floor last week, as lawmakers prepared to vote on yet another judge nominee, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell took a victory lap.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

MITCH MCCONNELL: When we depart this chamber today, there will not be a single circuit court vacancy anywhere in the nation for the first time in at least 40 years.

JOHNSON: McConnell has been advancing President Trump's judge picks with single-minded focus.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

MCCONNELL: It's a victory for the rule of law and for the Constitution.

JOHNSON: Conservative advocate Carrie Severino is thrilled.

CARRIE SEVERINO: Filling all of these circuit seats is an unmitigated success - no downside to that. Let's, as leader McConnell has said, leave no vacancy behind.

JOHNSON: Severino leads the Judicial Crisis Network. It pushes for the confirmation of Trump nominees.

SEVERINO: When you look particular at his appellate nominees - you know, Obama, in eight years, had 55 appellate nominees confirmed. Trump, in only four years, has already had 53.

JOHNSON: Chris Kang vetted judge candidates during the Obama years. He says there's a reason for that startling number. It's Republicans' stonewalling of the previous president, says Kang.

CHRIS KANG: McConnell confirmed the fewest judges since President Truman during President Obama's last two years in office, so the reason that Donald Trump has 200 judgeships to fill in the first place is because McConnell obstructed.

JOHNSON: Aside from the sheer numbers of Trump judges, there's the longevity. Many of the Trump nominees are in their 30s and 40s - not anywhere near retirement age. Again, Chris Kang.

KANG: Even if Donald Trump is gone in January, these judges are going to be ruling for decades to come.

JOHNSON: And they'll be ruling in cases that matter - abortion access, climate change, voting rights and more. Something else stands out about the Trump judge picks. Vanita Gupta leads the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights.

VANITA GUPTA: They are largely white and male. It is an astonishing lack of representation.

JOHNSON: Nearly 7 in 10 of the Trump judges are white men. Just 28 of the 200 are people of color.

GUPTA: You end up with a judiciary that is really out of step with where the country is as a whole because it takes a fair amount of work, actually, to end up with those statistics.

JOHNSON: But Trump allies say some of the nominees do represent diverse backgrounds. Judge Amy Coney Barrett is the mother of seven children, Judge Don Willett was raised by his single mom in a trailer park, and Judge Jim Ho is the son of immigrants from Taiwan. All three of them could appear on President Trump's short list for the next Supreme Court vacancy. The president says he'll publish a new list by September, before the election. Candidate Trump adopted a similar approach four years ago to signal that Republican voters could trust him. Things worked well back then, says Carrie Severino. She says Trump's judges have been different. They're bolder but not in a bad way.

SEVERINO: They're not simply trying to keep their heads down and become the blank slate that may have been the ideal nominee in a prior Republican administration, someone who really has no track record whatsoever. But instead, these nominees are people who are willing to stand up for what they know is right.

JOHNSON: For Democrats like Chris Kang, that's not something to celebrate.

KANG: These are far more extreme judges than even President George W. Bush put on the bench, and we're moving in the wrong direction.

JOHNSON: Kang says he has no doubt if more judge vacancies emerge later this year, Trump and McConnell will race to fill them, underscoring how important judges are to Republican officeholders and the people who vote for them. Carrie Johnson, NPR News, Washington.

(SOUNDBITE OF INTERPOL SONG, "UNTITLED") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.