Soon after being discharged from the hospital for treatment for COVID-19, President Trump tweeted the slur "Chinese virus" to refer to the coronavirus, something he's often repeated during the pandemic.
It's the latest example of Trump's alarming language that critics charge is xenophobic, discriminatory and even white supremacist. While Trump denies those labels, he has increasingly returned to the issue of race in the runup to the November election.
Last month he barred racial sensitivity training for federal workers and then expanded it to contractors in an executive order. At the first debate last month, to an international audience, he called the trainings — aimed at creating an inclusive work environment — "racist."
He's also attacked The New York Times' 1619 Project — which some schools are adopting into their curriculum to center the consequences of slavery in U.S. history — as anti-American propaganda. Then he formed the "1776 Commission" for what he called a "patriotic" education.
And Trump paints the largely peaceful protests for racial justice across the country as violent riots and tries to portray himself as the "law and order" candidate.
Courtney Parella, a spokeswoman for the campaign, said in a statement that labeling the president racist is a "pathetic attempt to negate his incredible accomplishments for Black America."
"Democrats, with the help of the mainstream media, try to label this President as something he's not," she said.
She points to Trump's record on criminal justice reform, support for funding of HBCUs and unemployment numbers and accused Joe Biden of failing "minority communities." Trump has attacked Biden for his role in the 1994 crime bill and accused him of hurting the economy for Black Americans with his trade policies.
The White House has repeatedly pointed to the record low Black unemployment rate before the coronavirus pandemic. But it shot up during the pandemic to 13 percent, above the national unemployment rate of about 8 percent.
And the president's language and policy changes over the last month are less blips and more features of his reelection campaign, said Ange-Marie Hancock Alfaro, a professor of political science and gender studies at the University of Southern California.
"Part of the strategy is to create enough chaos and confusion and to create enough anger, frankly, in his base that they will make sure that they continue to kind of agitate during the electoral process," Alfaro said.
"Based on what happened in 2016, he and his campaign see this as a successful strategy. I think what's different in 2020, though, is that you can't just do the same thing that you did four years ago. You actually have to amp it up."
Alfaro said Trump is stoking racial tensions and playing on fears among some white voters to portray himself as the one who can save them from chaos.
She pointed to a rally last month in Bemidji, Minn., where Trump falsely said former Vice President Joe Biden would flood the majority-white state with refugees from "Somalia and all over the planet."
Then to the almost exclusively white crowd, he invoked the "racehorse theory."
"You have good genes, you know that right? You have good genes. A lot of it's about the genes, isn't it? Don't you believe?" he told the crowd. "The racehorse theory you think was so different? You have good genes, Minnesota."
That theory is a discredited, discriminatory belief from the eugenics movement that some genes are superior to others. These are the theories that shaped Nazi Germany's policies. Eugenics was also behind the forced sterilization of women in the 1950s in North Carolina through the early 1970s in Puerto Rico. The pseudo-science led to the coerced sterilizations of Native American, Latina, African American and poor women.
"Then now, most recently, we started to hear reports of women in detention, in [Immigration and Customs Enforcement] detention, who were being sterilized without informed consent and certainly against their will," she said.
Even if Trump loses to Biden in November, Alfaro said, his actions have normalized racist fringe ideologies and encouraged extremists.
"There's been this emboldening of violence, this emboldening of a certain kind of rhetoric that I think really could become a problem," she said. "So even if there is a peaceful transfer of power in January, we do have to be very concerned about the legacy of what we've seen over the past four years."
There already appears to be a chilling effect as a result of Trump's executive order to "combat offensive and anti-American race and sex stereotyping and scapegoating."
This week actor William Jackson Harper tweeted about his experience with a nonprofit he works with, Arts in the Armed Forces. He said the organization asked him to choose a film for cadets of all academies to screen virtually and discuss. They settled on the movie Malcolm X, but the executive order led some cadets to back out of the screening.
In addition to barring racial sensitivity training, the order instructed federal and military institutions not to use material that promotes a "pernicious and false belief that America is an irredeemably racist and sexist country; that some people, simply on account of their race or sex, are oppressors."
"This executive order denies the very real experiences of so many minorities in this country. This executive order is rooted in the fictitious idea that the scourges of racism and sexism are essentially over, and that the poisonous fallout from centuries [of] discrimination isn't real," Harper wrote on Twitter. "But all of these things are real, and they remain to this day some of the most salient malignancies in our society."
Harper called it "selective censorship."
I believe that the selective censorship of certain chapters of our country’s because we find it disquieting, or because it disrupts our narrative and tarnishes our self-image, is cowardly at best, dangerous at worst, and dishonest either way.— William Jackson Harper (@dubjackharper) October 5, 2020
"It's no accident that all of these kinds of flagrant comments, which feel really spontaneous, they all cohere around a narrative of elevating white Americans as the real Americans and around excluding those who don't fit into that as unworthy or unequal," said Natalia Mehlman Petrzela, a New York-based historian of contemporary politics and culture.
She points to what she calls the whitewashing of America's history through attacking efforts to teach about systemic racism.
"It's about dismissing the idea that racism is real," Petrzela said, calling it a strategic attack "on the idea that we must take seriously the experiences of people of color and the exclusion and racism that they have faced as a defining aspect of American society."
Trump's not the first president to be accused of using dog whistles and race in his campaign. One example is Jimmy Carter, a Democrat. During his campaign in 1976, he warned about low-income housing in the suburbs and used terms such as "ethnic purity," and "Black intrusion," when discussing all-white neighborhoods.
M.E. Hart is an attorney who's conducted hundreds of racial-sensitivity trainings for the federal government and American businesses. He said maligning efforts to create inclusive environments feels dangerous.
"The trainings are designed to help people understand and work better across cultures, to help people to create a culture of psychological safety and belonging so people can bring their best to work," he said. "They're not anti-American; they're pro-American, pro-business."
Hart was diplomatic before the presidential debate last week. But after watching Trump choose not to condemn white supremacy and then again attack mail-in voting as fraudulent with zero evidence, he no longer uses that diplomatic tone.
"The president laid down the gauntlet, and I'm concerned for the safety of American citizens, regardless of race, of gender, ethnicity," Hart said. "Every American should be concerned when our president is using race to divide us."
Days after the debate, Trump said on Fox News that he did, in fact, condemn white supremacy. "Let me be clear again: I condemn the KKK. I condemn all white supremacists," he said.
MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:
President Trump's rhetoric on race is ramping up in advance of the election. His critics say he normalizes hate speech and negates the experiences of Black and brown Americans. NPR's Leila Fadel reports.
LEILA FADEL, BYLINE: Trump halted racial sensitivity training for federal workers and contractors last month. On the debate stage, this was his explanation.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: I ended it because it's racist. I ended it because a lot of people were complaining that they were asked to do things that were absolutely insane.
FADEL: The training? It aims to create inclusive work environments for everyone. At a rally in Bemidji, Minn., last month, he said this to the almost exclusively white crowd.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
TRUMP: You have good genes. You know that, right? You have good genes. A lot of it's about the genes, isn't it, don't you believe? The racehorse theory. You think we're so different. You have good genes in Minnesota.
FADEL: The racehorse theory - a belief from the discredited and discriminatory eugenics movement that some genes are superior to others. Again, last week in Minnesota, he seemed to imply, quote, low-income people and minorities in the suburbs are "ruining the American dream." And Democrats are calling the president racist. This week, Michelle Obama said he's scapegoating Black and brown Americans.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
MICHELLE OBAMA: What the president is doing is once again patently false. It's morally wrong. And, yes, it is racist, but that doesn't mean it won't work because this is a difficult time, a confusing time.
FADEL: It's an accusation Trump's campaign says is a, quote, "pathetic attempt to negate his incredible accomplishments for Black America by labeling him something he's not." But critics point to the language Trump is using, like the racehorse theory, which echoes the early 20th century when eugenics shaped Nazi Germany's policies. It was behind the forced sterilization of women in places like North Carolina and Puerto Rico, says Ange-Marie Hancock Alfaro. She's a professor of political science and gender studies at the University of Southern California.
ANGE-MARIE HANCOCK ALFARO: Now, most recently, we started to hear reports of women in ICE detention who were being sterilized without informed consent and certainly against their will.
FADEL: Alfaro says Trump's ramping up the tone of his successful 2016 campaign, and there are real-world ramifications. Chief among them, the normalization of racist, fringe ideologies.
HANCOCK ALFARO: There's been this emboldening of violence, this emboldening of a certain kind of rhetoric that I think really could become a problem. So even if there is a peaceful transfer of power in January, we do have to be very concerned about the legacy of what we've seen over the past four years.
FADEL: Trump is playing on fears of some white voters, says Natalia Mehlman Petrzela, a New York-based historian.
HANCOCK ALFARO: It's no accident that all of these kind of flagrant comments, which feel really spontaneous, they all cohere around a narrative of elevating white Americans as the real Americans and around excluding those who don't fit into that as unworthy or unequal.
FADEL: He's not the first president to be accused of using dog whistles and race in his campaign. One example - Jimmy Carter, a Democrat. In 1976, during his campaign, he warned about low-income housing in suburbs and used terms like ethnic purity and Black intrusion when discussing all-white neighborhoods. Petrzela says Trump's language is a strategic attack...
HANCOCK ALFARO: On the idea that we must take seriously the experiences of people of color and the exclusion and racism that they have faced as a kind of defining aspect of American society. And so that's what he's attacking.
FADEL: M.E. Hart is an attorney who's conducted hundreds of racial sensitivity trainings.
M E HART: The trainings are designed to help people understand and work better across cultures.
FADEL: He was diplomatic in our first conversation, but after watching President Trump refuse to condemn white supremacy during the debate last week - he later did on Fox News - and then again attacked mail-in voting as fraudulent with zero evidence, Hart's diplomatic tone disappeared.
HART: The president laid down the gauntlet. And I'm concerned for the safety of American citizens regardless of race, gender, ethnicity. Every American should be concerned when our president is using race to divide us.
FADEL: It's the day after the election he's worried about.
Leila Fadel, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.